Black Sea container terminals handled 2 927 016 TEU in 2018

Black Sea Container Market Review 2018

  • Black Sea region growth for 5 countries
  • Top five Container Terminals of the region
  • Lines’ market shares in the region
Photo – Port of Varna West Terminal, Courtesy of “Port of Varna” EAD

Black Sea container terminals of Ukraine, Romania, Russia, Georgia and Bulgaria handled 2 927 016 TEU in 2018, including empty containers, excluding transshipment.  

This review observes only full containers of the region – 2 188 153 TEU. Total growth achieved by these five countries in 2018 was 8,70%, compared to the same period last year.

In 2018 general increase in laden containers was 8,70%

Black Sea region turnover, 2018 and 2017, TEU, full

In 2018, there was a laden container turnover increase in all countries of the Black Sea region. The highest growth was achieved by Ukraine and Georgia – 18,99% and 14,64%. At the same time, Bulgaria, Russia and Romania have achieved 4,52%, 3,94% and 0,35% growth of laden container turnover respectively.   

Full containers turnover by countries, TEU

Country 2018, TEU full 2017, TEU full Growth,%
Ukraine 691 060 580 754 18,99
Russia 564 518 543 106 3,94
Romania 481 877 480 206 0,35
Georgia 263 233 229 619 14,64
Bulgaria 187 465 179 363 4,52
Total 2 188 153 2 013 048 8,70

During this period, 56,63% of laden containers were imported, with 43,37% of the volume being exported. It is estimated that laden container share was 74,76% and empty container share was 25,24%.

Import stated 56,63% of laden container volume at the Black Sea

Export volumes from the aforementioned countries increased by 3,12% compared to 2017. Ukraine achieved significant growth of export volume – 14,89%. Romania suffered 9,85% decrease of laden export volume, while Georgia, Russia and Bulgaria achieved growth of 6,56%, 5,09% and 1,54 respectively. Import to the region increased by 13,40%, mainly because of Ukrainian, Georgian and Romanian import volume growth of 23,01%, 15,93% and 15,91%. Import volume of Bulgaria and Russia increased by 7,97% and 3,19% respectively. 

Ukraine and Georgia have achieved 23,01% and 15,93% growth of laden import volume

Thus the percentage of laden volume handled by each country in 2018 distributed as follows: Ukraine – 31,58%, Russia (Black Sea) – 25,80%, Romania – 22,02%, Georgia – 12,03%, Bulgaria – 8,57%.

The top-five container terminals of the region in 2018 changed their positions in total volumes handled: DPW (Constanta, Romania) and APMT Poti (Georgia) secured their top positions. CTO (Odessa, Ukraine) moved to the third position, while NUTEP (Novorossiysk, Russia) shifted down to the fourth place. At the same time, BKP (Odessa, Ukraine) moved to the fifth place for a first time in recent years, while NLE (Novorossiysk, Russia) moved to the sixth place. All of these terminals except DPW achieved volume growth in 2018 compared to 2017.

Black Sea Container Terminals shares by total turnover, 2018

As for the leading carriers of the region, MAERSK still was a leader; while COSCOCS overcame ARKAS and became third largest carrier of the region. For the first time in recent years, ZIM became TOP-5 carrier at the Black Sea. TOP-5 carriers of the region were MAERSK, MSC, COSCOCS, ARKAS and ZIM. In total, these carriers controlled 71,83% of this market.

MAERSK, MSC, COSCOCS, ARKAS and ZIM controlled 71,83% of the Black Sea market

In 2017 the total market share of Maersk and MSC was 44,45%, but in 2018 it has decreased by 1,23 p.p. to 43,22%. At the same time, the total share of CMA CGM and COSCOCS was 18,65% in 2017, while in 2018 it has increased by 0,38 p.p. and stated 19,03%. It is also worth to note that in 2018 against 2017 CMA CGM has decreased its share by 0,23 p.p., while COSCOCS has increased by 1,06 p.p. and it has allowed COSCOCS to become the third largest carrier in the Black Sea region. At the same time ZIM increased its share by 0,80 p.p., from 8,28% in 2017 to 9,09% in 2018, it has allowed ZIM to become TOP-5 carrier of the region. The united Japanese carrier ONE became 10th biggest carrier of the region in 2018, its share stated 1,42%, but it is worth to note that in fact the carrier became active since April 2018 and its operational period was 9 months only. The market share of ONE is expected to grow in 2019.

Rating of container lines of Black Sea 2018

Rating is based on the data for laden container turnover, without transshipment.

The record of market share growth (% of market share) in Black Sea belonged to Hapag Lloyd 2,78 p.p., ONE 1,42 p.p. and ZIM 0,81 p.p., while record of market share drop was shown by EVERGREEN -1,82 p.p., MAERSK -1,75 p.p. and ARKAS -1,14 p.p. Hapag Lloyd merged with UASC. HMM has suspended its activity at the Black Sea market.

Carrier Place, Black Sea, 2018 Place, Black Sea, 2017 2018 share, Black Sea 2017 share, Black Sea Changes, p.p.
MAERSK 1 1 21,65% 23,40% -1,75
MSC 2 2 21,57% 21,05% 0,52
COSCOCS 3 4 10,02% 9,41% 0,61
ARKAS 4 3 9,49% 10,64% -1,14
ZIM 5 6 9,09% 8,28% 0,81
CMA CGM 6 5 9,01% 9,24% -0,23
HL 7 8 6,40% 3,62% 2,78
EMC 8 7 4,73% 6,55% -1,82
YML 9 9 2,85% 2,69% 0,16
ONE 10 1,42% 0,00% 1,42
OOCL 11 10 1,19% 1,17% 0,02
ADMIRAL 12 12 1,03% 1,03% 0,00
OTHERS 13 11 0,99% 1,05% -0,06
TURKON 14 16 0,33% 0,24% 0,09
NYK 15 14 0,14% 0,52% -0,38
APL 16 19 0,07% 0,01% 0,06
MOL 17 15 0,03% 0,28% -0,25
UASC 18 13 0,00% 0,66% -0,66
KLINE 19 17 0,00% 0,13% -0,13
HMM 20 18 0,00% 0,04% -0,04

Rating of container lines in Georgia 2018

Rating is based on the data on overall container turnover, without transshipment.

The highest market share growth (% of market share) in Georgia was achieved by Hapag Lloyd 5,20 p.p., COSCO 3,45 p.p. and ONE 1,78 p.p. At the same time record of market share drop belonged to EMC         -6,80 p.p., CMA CGM -1,30 p.p. and ZIM -0,86 p.p.

Carrier Place, Georgia, 2018 Place, Georgia, 2017 2018 share, Georgia 2017 share, Georgia Changes, p.p.
MSC 1 1 39,47% 40,21% -0,74
MAERSK 2 2 22,95% 22,87% 0,08
EMC 3 3 9,91% 16,71% -6,80
COSCO 4 5 8,34% 4,89% 3,45
HL 5 8 6,98% 1,78% 5,20
CMA CGM 6 4 4,03% 5,33% -1,30
ARKAS 7 6 2,87% 3,18% -0,31
ZIM 8 7 2,26% 3,12% -0,86
ONE 9   1,78% 0,00% 1,78
YML 10 9 0,94% 0,89% 0,05
OTHERS 11 11 0,23% 0,36% -0,13
APL 12 13 0,23% 0,05% 0,18
HSUD 13 14 0,02% 0,03% -0,01
UASC 14 10 0,00% 0,53% -0,53
NYK 15 12 0,00% 0,06% -0,06

Rating of container lines in Bulgaria 2018

Rating is based on the data for overall container turnover, without transshipment.

The record of market share growth (% of market share) in Bulgaria belonged to MAERSK 3,47 p.p., Hapag Lloyd 3,35 p.p. and ONE 2,21 p.p. At the same time the record of market share drop was shown by MSC -2,81 p.p., EMC -1,78 p.p. and ARKAS -1,40 p.p.

Carrier Place, Bulgaria, 2018 Place, Bulgaria, 2017 2018 share, Bulgaria 2017 share, Bulgaria Changes, p.p.
MSC 1 1 28,04% 30,85% -2,81
MAERSK 2 2 23,01% 19,54% 3,47
ARKAS 3 3 9,54% 10,94% -1,40
HL 4 5 9,57% 6,22% 3,35
EMC 5 4 9,11% 10,89% -1,78
CMA CGM 6 6 6,24% 6,21% 0,03
YML 7 8 5,25% 5,16% 0,09
COSCO 8 7 5,15% 5,80% -0,65
ONE 9   2,21% 0,00% 2,21
ZIM 10 10 1,27% 1,33% -0,06
OTHERS 11 12 0,60% 0,54% 0,06
KLINE 12 9 0,00% 1,40% -1,40
NYK 13 11 0,00% 1,12% -1,12

Rating of container lines in Romania 2018

Rating is based on the data for laden container turnover, without transshipment.

The record of market share growth (% of market share) in Romania belonged to Hapag Lloyd 1,92 p.p., MSC 1,55 p.p. and COSCO 0,81 p.p., while record of market share drop was shown by MAERSK -3,36 p.p., MOL -0,59 p.p. and ARKAS -0,49 p.p. Hapag Lloyd merged with UASC. NYK and MOL continued its presence in Romania under the brand of the united Japanese carrier – ONE.

Carrier Place, Romania, 2018 Place, Romania, 2017 2018 share, Romania 2017 share, Romania Change, p.p.
MSC 1 2 18,84% 17,29% 1,55
MAERSK 2 1 17,03% 20,39% -3,36
ARKAS 3 3 15,99% 16,48% -0,49
COSCO 4 4 14,20% 13,39% 0,81
CMA CGM 5 5 13,12% 12,73% 0,39
HL 6 7 6,94% 5,02% 1,92
EMC 7 6 5,37% 5,36% 0,01
YML 8 8 5,13% 4,85% 0,28
ZIM 9 9 1,38% 1,42% -0,04
OOCL 10 13 0,90% 0,43% 0,47
ONE 11   0,57% 0,00% 0,57
TURKON 12   0,30% 0,00% 0,30
NYK 13 12 0,20% 0,58% -0,38
MOL 14 11 0,04% 0,63% -0,59
OTHERS 15 14 0,01% 0,16% -0,15
UASC 16 10 0,00% 1,12% -1,12
HMM 17 15 0,00% 0,10% -0,10
HSUD 18 16 0,00% 0,05% -0,05

Rating of container lines in Black Sea Russia 2018

Rating is based on the data for overall container turnover, without transshipment.

The record of market share growth (% of market share) in the Black Sea Russia belonged to Hapag Lloyd 2,10 p.p., MAERSK 2,08 p.p. and ONE 1,22 p.p., while record of market share drop was shown by MSC     -1,66 p.p., EMC -1,65 p.p. and ARKAS -1,21 p.p.

Carrier Place, Russia, 2018 Place, Russia, 2017 2018 share, Russia 2017 share, Russia Change, p.p.
MAERSK 1 1 26,32% 24,24% 2,08
MSC 2 2 17,99% 19,65% -1,66
ZIM 3 4 16,35% 15,77% 0,58
ARKAS 4 3 15,49% 16,70% -1,21
COSCO 5 5 5,25% 5,80% -0,55
HL 6 9 4,02% 1,92% 2,10
OTHERS 7 7 3,87% 3,48% 0,39
ADMIRAL 8 8 3,04% 2,97% 0,07
EMC 9 6 2,69% 4,34% -1,65
CMA CGM 10 11 2,25% 1,63% 0,62
ONE 11   1,22% 0,00% 1,22
YML 12 10 1,11% 1,78% -0,67
OOCL 13 12 0,19% 1,21% -1,02
NYK 14 13 0,11% 0,29% -0,18
FESCO 15 14 0,10% 0,10% 0,00
HMM 16 18 0,01% 0,00% 0,01
UASC 17 15 0,00% 0,08% -0,08
HSUD 18 16 0,00% 0,04% -0,04

Rating of container lines in Ukraine 2018

Rating is based on the data for overall container turnover, without transshipment.

The record of market share growth (% of market share) in Ukraine belonged to ZIM 3,01 p.p., Hapag Lloyd 2,04 p.p. and COSCO 1,85 p.p. At the same time record of market share drop was shown by MAERSK -3,94 p.p., MSC -1,10 p.p. and CMA CGM -1,00 p.p. HMM has suspended its activity in Ukraine. After merger between KLINE, NYK and MOL the united carrier – ONE, has started its activity in Ukraine since April and after 9m 2018 it had a market share of 1,68%.

Carrier Place, Ukraine, 2017 Place, Ukraine, 2016 2017 share, Ukraine 2016 share, Ukraine Change, p.p.
MAERSK 1 1 23,92% 27,86% -3,94
CMA CGM 2 2 15,28% 16,28% -1,00
MSC 3 3 14,00% 15,10% -1,10
COSCO 4 4 12,97% 11,12% 1,85
ZIM 5 5 12,91% 9,90% 3,01
HL 6 6 6,31% 4,27% 2,04
ARKAS 7 7 2,80% 3,55% -0,75
OOCL 8 9 2,59% 2,14% 0,45
EMC 9 8 2,40% 3,10% -0,70
YML 10 10 2,39% 1,98% 0,41
ONE 11   1,68% 0,00% 1,68
ADMIRAL 12 11 1,11% 1,28% -0,17
TURKON 13 13 0,94% 0,78% 0,16
OTHERS 14 16 0,43% 0,43% 0,00
NYK 15 15 0,16% 0,50% -0,34
MOL 16 14 0,05% 0,51% -0,46
APL 17 18 0,05% 0,01% 0,04
UASC 18 12 0,00% 1,11% -1,11
HMM 19 17 0,00% 0,07% -0,07

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